Mikel Arteta has made a positive impression at Arsenal since succeeding Unai Emery as head coach (Picture: Getty)Kieran Tierney is confident Mikel Arteta is the man to kick start his Arsenal career after the Spaniard tipped last summer’s signing from Celtic to be ‘special’ next season. Much was expected of the Scotland international following his £25million move from Parkhead but a succession of injuries has severely hampered his progress. The 22-year-old was still recovering from a double hernia operation when he completed his move to north London and had to wait until late October to make his Premier League debut. Tierney made a positive first impression, particularly during the cup competitions, but is yet to feature under Arteta following the shoulder injury he picked up against West Ham in December. AdvertisementAdvertisementADVERTISEMENTThe rampaging left-back had been close to making a return before the COVID-19 pandemic forced the postponent of the current campaign, but Arteta believes he has a special talent on his hands. Comment Metro Sport ReporterSunday 10 May 2020 10:15 amShare this article via facebookShare this article via twitterShare this article via messengerShare this with Share this article via emailShare this article via flipboardCopy link1.8kShares Kieran Tierney is working his way back to full fitness following a shoulder injury (Picture: Getty)‘I am really looking forward to working with him and giving him the opportunity to play,’ he told Ian Wright earlier this week. ‘His attitude, his commitment, his willingness it’s incredible. I think he’s going to bring something special to us.’And Tierney is clearly a fan of his new boss as well with the former Celtic star revealing that it wasn’t until February’s warm weather training camp in Dubai that he realised the Spaniard was the real deal.More: Arsenal FCArsenal flop Denis Suarez delivers verdict on Thomas Partey and Lucas Torreira movesThomas Partey debut? Ian Wright picks his Arsenal starting XI vs Manchester CityArsene Wenger explains why Mikel Arteta is ‘lucky’ to be managing ArsenalHe told Sky Sports: ‘I’ve seen all his video meetings, I’ve been in the meetings together as a team, before the games, after the games and just his analysis is amazing.‘In Dubai for the winter break I was doing some one-on-one work with him and that’s when I realised this is brilliant, I’m learning a lot in a rehab session.‘He knows what’s going to happen in a game and how it’s going to happen and what you should do, where you’re going to get pressed from and where your options should be. ‘You should know where the left-mid is going to be and the centre-mid so you can just play in sync, everybody is using one brain and I think that’s perfect.‘Hopefully when I’m back fit I can get the chance to play and just build up fitness and confidence again.’MORE: Real Madrid set Arsenal deadline over Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang transferMORE: Arsenal star Bernd Leno hails Liverpool rival Alisson as the best goalkeeper in the Premier League ahead of David de Gea and Ederson Advertisement Kieran Tierney raves about Mikel Arteta after Arsenal boss tips £25m star to be special next season Advertisement
May 9, 2020 UNDATED (AP) — The NHL is considering the prospect of holding its amateur draft before the Stanley Cup final.The draft had been scheduled for June 26-27, but it was postponed with the season in an indefinite suspension due to the coronavirus pandemic. Now the NHL is deciding whether to hold it earlier in June following the NFL’s success with its virtual draft last month.Such a move means teams would not be able to trade players before or during the draft, there would be a lack of clarity over next year’s salary cap and the draft order could be determined before all games are played. There are mixed feelings about the idea among executives.In other developments related to the coronavirus pandemic:— The end of this virus-disrupted school year has produced a bleak financial outlook for major college sports. Budget projections are landing in the red. West Virginia has announced a $5 million projected shortfall for the fiscal year ending June 30. The athletic director will take a 10% salary reduction for the next budget cycle along with other high earners in the department. Minnesota has forecast a $4 million deficit for the current fiscal period. The month before the pandemic hit, a $1 million surplus was projected. Now, the school says all cost-savings measures are on the table. Hamlin takes virtual finaleCHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) — Denny Hamlin closed NASCAR’s iRacing Series with a victory at a simulation of throwback North Wilkesboro Speedway.This year’s Daytona 500 champion had four fresh tires as he chased down leader Ross Chastain and nudged him out of the way. Chastain retaliated by hitting Hamlin’s car after the checkered flag.Timmy Hill finished second, followed by Tyler Reddick, Chastain and Austin Dillon.Hamlin was instrumental in organizing his fellow Cup drivers for the invitational series that started after the series was suspended. He also won the opening iRacing event on March 22. Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditUFC-TRUMPTrump lauds UFC for resuming matchesJACKSONVILLE, Fla. (AP) — President Trump has congratulated UFC for restarting the sports world Saturday night after a nearly two-month hiatus. Hamlin races barefoot on a top-of-the-line simulator. He also gained national attention three races ago at virtual Talladega Superspeedway when his daughter, Taylor, tried to ask him a question during the race and accidentally turned off the screen on his simulator with a remote control she was holding.WOMEN’S BASEBALL-PRATT-OBITOriginal Rockford Peach diesBRAINTREE, Mass. (AP) — Former Rockford Peaches and Kenosha Comets pitcher Mary Pratt has died at 101.Pratt was believed to be the last surviving member of the original 1943 Peaches in the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, which inspired the 1992 movie, “A League of Their Own.” She pitched in the league until 1947 and taught physical education for 46 years. Trump’s taped message was played during ESPN’s broadcast of the UFC 249 undercard from a fan-free arena Saturday in Jacksonville, Florida. He congratulated UFC President Dana White, who is a Trump business associate and a major contributor to his re-election campaign.UFC 249 served as the first major sporting event to take place since the global pandemic shut down much of the country nearly eight weeks ago. It was supposed to be held in New York April 18 but was postponed in hopes of helping slow the spread of COVID-19. White tried to stage the event on tribal land in California and still hopes to create a “Fight Island” for future cards.One of the fighters scheduled to take part in UFC249 has tested positive for the COVID-19. UFC says Jacaré Souza’s middleweight bout against Uriah Hall was called off after Souza tested positive, along with his two cornermen. UFC says all three men have left the host hotel and will be self-isolating off premises, where UFC’s medical team will monitor their conditions remotely.VIRUS OUTBREAK-SPORTSNHL considers early draft The league said in a tweet that Pratt’s “stories, her energy will be missed for a long time.”Her nephew, Walter Pratt, told The Patriot Ledger of Quincy, Mass. she passed away peacefully at a nursing home.OLYMPICS-JOVANOVIC-OBITUS bobsledder diesLAKE PLACID, N.Y. (AP) — Former U.S. Olympic bobsledder Pavle Jovanovic has died at 43. The Toms River, New Jersey, native took up the sport in 1997. A push athlete for driver Todd Hays, he won a bronze medal at the 2004 world championships and finished seventh in both the two- and four-man events at the 2006 Winter OlympicsUSA Bobsled/Skeleton said in a release Saturday that Jovanovic took his own life May 3. Update on the latest sports — Wisconsin athletic director Barry Alvarez, football coach Paul Chryst (krihst) and men’s basketball coach Greg Gard are being asked to take a 15% pay cut over the next six months as part of the school’s response to the pandemic. School officials say Alvarez, Chryst and Gard are among 25 of the athletic department’s highest-earning employees who are being asked to take that voluntary cut. There will be no reduction in that group’s work hours.— Watford chairman Scott Duxbury says at least six of the 20 English Premier League clubs are concerned about the plan to use neutral stadiums to finish the season. The Hornets have joined Brighton and Aston Villa in making clear their opposition to the current “Project Restart” concept ahead of Monday’s crunch meeting of topflight clubs. Teams at or near the relegation zone are worried about the monetary and competitive impact of playing the remainder of the season at neutral grounds without fans. “Project Restart” needs approval from at least 14 teams.— Two players at German second division side Dynamo Dresden have tested positive for the coronavirus, putting on hold the club’s planned return to soccer next weekend. Dresden was to play Hannover away on May 17 when the league resumes after a two-month suspension. Now, the entire squad, coaching and supervisory staff must go into 14 days of quarantine at home.— The president of French soccer club Lyon (lee-OHN’) says all members of its men’s and women’s teams have tested negative for the coronavirus. They were tested by team doctors.NASCAR-iRACING Associated Press
Nettie BrooksNettie J. Brooks, loving wife, mother, sister and grandmother, died Wednesday, December 26, 2012 in Newton, Kansas at the age of 78.Nettie was born the daughter of Calvin and Geneva (Sterling) Billings on Monday, August 13, 1934 in Kingman, Kansas.On January 31, 1983, Nettie and Harold Dean Brooks were united in marriage in Oklahoma. Together they celebrated 23 years of marriage.Survivors include her sons: Rory “Butch” Porter of Derby, Kansas, Bob Porter and his wife Mary of Wellington, Kansas, Melvin Porter and his wife Juanita of Leeds, Alabama, step-children: Jack Wilbanks of Wichita, Kansas, Harold Brooks, Jr. of Coffeyville, Kansas, Teresa Cox of Wichita, Kansas, 12 grandchildren, 1 great-grandchild, a brother, Bill Billings of Wellington, Kansas and her sister, Alma Jackson and her husband Walt of Anthony, Kansas.She was preceded in death by her parents, husband and brothers: Jack and Orrie John Billings.Visitation will be held at the funeral home from 1:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m., Friday, December 28, 2012 with family present from 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.Funeral services for Nettie will be at 10:00 a.m., Saturday, December 29, 2012 in the chapel of Day Funeral Home & Crematory, 1030 Mission Road, Wellington, Kansas.Interment will follow at the Oxford Cemetery, Oxford, Kansas.To share a memory or leave condolences, please visit www.dayfuneralhome.info.Arrangements are by Day Funeral Home & Crematory, Wellington, Kansas.
Following an hour of an emotionally charged debate, the Senate plenary Thursday, July 17, voted to mandate its leadership to immediately join their House of Representatives counterparts to ask President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf to declare “a state of health emergency,” in wake of the alarming spread of the Ebola disease.“The motion suggests that immediately upon the adjournment of this session, the leadership of the Senate proceeds to the House of Representatives, and that the two leaderships proceed to the President and ask that a state of health emergency be imposed, and that US$1.5 million be made available to the Ministry of Health to tackle the Ebola.”The Senate’s decision followed a report by the Chairman on the Committee on Gender, Health, Social Welfare, Women and Children Affairs, Dr. Peter Sonpon Coleman on the Ebola epidemic, in which he reported an increase in the spread of the disease.The Senators were unanimous in expressing dismay over the delay in finding money to help the health sector, with some painting gloomy pictures of what may happen if the Legislature fails to move immediately to make the necessary appropriation from the pending 2014/2015 national budget, if it comes to that.As a demonstration of their serious concern about the spread of the epidemic, some Senators suggested that the President declare an immediate state of emergency, while Senate Pro Tempore disclosed to his colleagues that in his recent interaction with President Sirleaf, he suggested that she declares a state of emergency.According to the report read to the Senate plenary during its 48th day sitting Thursday, said since March 22, 2014 to July 15, 2014, the total number of Ebola cases has reached 173, with Lofa County carrying the highest number of 110 cases; Montserrado County with 55 and Margibi five, while Bomi and Nimba Counties had two each; and Bong County one case. The total number of cases among health workers is currently put at 13; while the total number of death cases is put to 111, with Lofa and Montserrado Counties again carrying the highest number of 58 and 46, respectively, while Margibi and Bomi are reporting five and two.The Coleman-led Health Committee disclosed that the number of patients admitted in isolated units is 22; with a breakdown of 17 for Lofa and five for Montserrado.The report said the Ministry of Health has managed to trace 236 persons who may have been in contact with people with the Ebola case. Newly reported contacts as of July 15, 2014 are 25, according to the report.The committee’s report identified challenges in the areas of the number of burial teams in Montserrado and Lofa; the need to provide funding for compensation of contact tracers in the counties; the need to provide vehicles for supervision and contact tracing teams in the seven affected counties, Lofa, Montserrado, Margibi, Bomi, Nimba, Bong, and Grand Gedeh, referred to as response counties.The report further said the Ministry needs logistical support and training for other counties referred to as alert counties.With respect to finance to fight the epidemic, the report said the amount of US$100, 000 per affected county has been provided by the government of Liberia; while it said the US$500,000 pledged by the Nigerian Government has not yet been assessed.“It is evident that this epidemic has now spread to six of the 15 counties, and the number of deaths is increasing alarmingly and it is important that the necessary funding be provided to the health sector to stop the transmission of the virus and prevent avoidable death among our people. We, therefore, appeal to our colleagues to get involved in social mobilization, awareness and sensitization campaigns to help halt the rapid spread of the epidemic.”Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
Students thinking about third level education this September have been urged to get their SUSI student grant application in early in order to avoid the possibility of delays in having the grant approved. Applications for SUSI opened last Thursday, however, students who think they’re eligible for the financial support have been warned to submit their details on time.Cllr Liam Doherty said: “Application for SUSI opened to applicants last Thursday however, given that this coincided with the Easter holiday period, it’s likely that many students and their families overlooked it. “Of course, those hoping to start or return to third level education this September should make applying for the SUSI grant a priority, particularly given the importance of the payment to families and college goers at what is a very expensive time.“As many will be aware, the SUSI grant is means tested, so many students thinking of applying will probably need the help of their parents when filling out their applications.“Whether you’re a dependent, mature dependent or an independent will determine what income is taken into account for the purpose of determining if you are eligible for funding or not, so it’s important that applicants don’t put off getting their application in.“I’m therefore encouraging students and those returning to education to make their application as early as possible now and to make sure that all the information they supply is correct and up to date to avoid the possibility of the processing of their payment being delayed. “Anyone who is considering applying for student grant support should visit the SUSI website ‘susi.ie’, where they will be able to find all the information they need in relation to eligibility criteria, how to submit an application and where they can also monitor its progress once submitted.”Students urged to apply early for SUSI grants to avoid delays was last modified: May 5th, 2019 by Shaun KeenanShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Please take the time to complete this brief survey on South Africa, your opinions are important to us. All information recorded here is strictly confidential and will be used for research purposes only. Should you be the lucky winner of one of the prizes, of a US$200 voucher, we will notify you within the next 3 weeks.Brand South Africa is building on its current communication as part of its legacy campaign after the FIFA World Cup event. We would like you to take a look at a few examples of print communication for brand South Africa. Please give us your honest thoughts and opinions.Click here to complete the survey (the campaigns can be viewed as part of the survey)View the camapigns in PDF format:Campaign 1Campaign 2Campaign 3Campaign 4
2 August 2016South Africa’s digital economy has jumped to 65th out of 139 countriessurveyed in the Networked Readiness Index, an gain in 10 places from 2015. Thismakes South Africa one of 10 most-improved countries, alongside Italy andSlovakia.The index, compiled by the Global Technology Report and published by theWorld Economic Forum, is a key indicator of how countries are doing in the digitalworld. It measures how well a country uses information and communicationstechnologies to boost the health of its economy.Global Information Technology..2016 @wef https://t.co/nYdLzi0QAB 7 high-achieving at Networked Readiness Index (NRI) pic.twitter.com/ku9CqrQ6cn— WSlightly (@WSlightly) July 25, 2016The index analyses environment, readiness, use and impact data. It also takessocial influences on the creation of a digital economy into account.The global top 10 is led by Singapore, Finland and Sweden. The US is fifth, theUK eighth and Japan tenth.South Africa jumps an impressive 10 places, to 65 in the world, in the WEF’s Networked Readiness Index 2016 pic.twitter.com/8efPJIOT5t— Cherryflava (@Cherryflava) July 15, 2016South Africa is not the only African country to improvein the last year. Ethiopiaand Côte d’Ivoire also made significant jumps in the rankings.South Africa’s leap in the rankings was driven by the private sector, and byupgrades to digital infrastructure and affordability, according to the report.“South Africa’s digital transformation is mostly business driven, as the countrynotably performs best in business usage (32nd), followed by individual usage(77th), followed by government usage (105th),” says networking firm Cisco, asponsor of the report.“Individuals and businesses, says the index, are benefitting from a drop inmobile and broadband tariffs that is “reducing barriers to adoption also in terms ofaffordability.”However, the report stresses that more sustained infrastructure development,as well as more public and private cooperation, are needed to take advantage ofSouth Africa’s momentum in the digital economy. “In order for the impact to startmaterialising, significantly morebuy-in from government will be needed across allareas of vision, promotion and efficient use.”Southafrica.info reporterSource: World Economic ForumWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SouthAfrica.info material
Adolphina Setsena and Dr Heidi Grimmer work closely to take the ProYouth Naturals products to market.(Image: Lucille Davie) The ProYouth Naturals products use herbs and clay as their base.(Image: ProYouth Naturals)MEDIA CONTACTS• Adolphina SetsenaCosmetics Entrepreneur+27 72 707 4105• Dr Heidi GrimmerMD, ABBC+27 83 444 5027Lucille DavieClay is usually used to make bricks or mould beautiful ceramic creations. It’s not something most people think of putting into a jar and using as a cosmetic. But Adolphina Setsena, one of the winners of the South African Breweries Foundation Social Innovation Awards of 2013, finds it as natural as brushing your teeth every day.Setsena’s ProYouth Naturals offer women a portfolio of skin care, foundation and body wellness products, many with a mix of African herbs known for centuries to provide healing and wellness. And now she has developed a new product, SNE54 Complex, which uses clay as the basis of her cosmetics and healing products, says Setsena.She grew up with two traditional healers – her grandmother and her aunt – and learned from the best how to mix different clays and plants to create natural remedies for ailments like arthritis and skin conditions. “I use the ingredients and compound them into cosmetics – I learned what in nature to use for wellness,” she says. It gives women the ability to “look great without the facelift”.Based in Pretoria, Gauteng, Setsena is a graduate of the Kickstart programme of South African Breweries (SAB), and has obtained certificates from the Deutsche Gesellschaft für International Zusammenarbeit and Training for Technology for Food, Pharmaceuticals, Cosmetics and Industrial Applicator. She started her business in 2004, and all product developments are manufactured and tested with the support of the Thumisano Trust and Sasol Chemcity, an enterprise development vehicle.Beauty products include shampoo, shower gel, bubble bath, body and hand lotion, body scrub and lotion butter. After ingredients are extracted from the herbs for these products, the leftover material is combined into leaves and seed pods to make room fresheners.Setsena, dressed for the interview in a stylish white studded dress with matching large white bangles, and with a flawless skin, shared the third prize in this year’s competition, which took place on 31 October, with two other winners, taking home R300 000 to help her take her products a step closer to market.InnovatorsFirst prize went to the Vula Eye Health Mobile Phone App, which pocketed R1-million. Created by William Mapham and Professor Kovin Naidoo, the app aims to improve eye care in South Africa’s poorer communities by educating people about different eye conditions, providing access to eye sight tests and connecting people to eye care professionals.Second prize of R500 000 went to Nuno Pires, the developer of the Altis Osteogenic Bone Matrix, an injectable bone regeneration product that aims to replace traditional bone graft surgery.Setsena shares third place with SavvyLoo, a waterless toilet for rural communities; and Repurpose Schoolbag, a schoolbag made of 100% recycled plastic shopping bags.“The SAB Foundation Innovation Awards was established with the objective of rewarding and upscaling innovative sustainable solutions to the pressing daily challenges facing low-income people, specifically women, the youth, people with disabilities, and people living in rural areas in order to improve economic growth and prosperity and the quality of life of all South Africans,” reads the SAB website.The awards are “specifically focused on innovation solutions which have progressed past idea stage, and have reached at least proof of concept stage and now need a strong focus on commercialisation or scaling-up”.Seed grantsIn addition to the three top awards, several seed grants are awarded, particularly to women, youth, people in rural areas, and disabled people. The grant includes funding for the upscaling and commercialisation of the innovation, which is supported by the SAB Foundation over a period of two years or longer, as needed.Seed grants of R150 000 each were awarded to nine innovators, including Power in a Bottle, a mobile solar energy power pack housed in a 5L plastic container; Know Your Child, an IT platform which sends pupils’ homework requirements from teachers to parents via mobile text messages; Bulk Brick Layer, a brick-building template which eliminates the complexities of the skill; SMART Stand-by, a device that monitors electrical power usage; and Tour2.0, an online tour operator offering tour packages in local communities.“The grant [is] awarded for either products or processes that present an innovative solution to the pressing challenges facing women, the youth, persons with disabilities and persons in rural areas. Product innovation covers innovations in both goods and services, which can again be divided into new or improved products,” states SAB.Applications are judged by various criteria: the impact of the product or solution and whether it solves a long-standing problem experienced by the poor; the extent to which the innovation will potentially benefit this group; the scalability or to what degree the product can be produced in large numbers for a large number of people; the degree to which the product will encourage others to push their own innovations; and the commercial viability of the product in the long term.ProductsSetsena says her products are a blend of traditional herbs and barks for skin wellness. “We create a supply chain, we don’t cut down trees, we use the leaves.” She expects to be manufacturing her products for stores by March 2014, and plans to approach retail chains Pick n Pay and Clicks as a starting point.She has developed products particularly for “ethnic skins”, because conventional, and usually imported, foundation does not work for black and brown skin. And she has created a cream and foundation in one, which means it has a healing function as well as being a foundation, she explains. It consists of three or four tones of brown, and according to Setsena, it is a first local product especially created for South African women.Alongside working on her business, Setsena is completing a three-year herbalist course. “This is a calling; it is information from the ancestors about life, and it tells me who I am.”The clay used is volcanic ash, and other clays. And, from an early age she learned which herbs she could drink or not. “I am a curious person, fascinated with paranormals. I like to research and ask questions. I believe there is an answer to everything.”A fortuitous meetingHer dream was encouraged by a meeting two years ago with Dr Heidi Grimmer, the managing director of ABBC and herself an entrepreneur who specialises in providing innovative enterprise development solutions to the manufacturing industry. “Entrepreneurs receive mentoring to ensure that their businesses grow and become profitable,” states the ABBC website.“Our Enterprise Supplier Development model identifies, nurtures and enables high potential entrepreneurs, with a particular emphasis on the development of black women-owned businesses,” says Grimmer.She is a bio-chemist and started her career as a researcher at SAB 14 years ago, where she developed the ESR method that allows breweries to measure the shelf life of their beers in three hours, as opposed to the conventional three-month shelf life testing methods. This rapid feedback was very useful to the brewmasters, allowing them to make immediate process changes to increase the shelf life of the beer.Grimmer worked with brewmasters around the world, implementing this method, which has allowed SABMiller, SAB’s international operation, to improve the quality and shelf life of its beer processes. But she left SAB in 2010, feeling she wasn’t being stretched enough. With an MBA under her belt, she felt confident to start looking at a scientific approach to business, giving her the springboard to starting her own business. “I felt more confident to go out on my own,” Grimmer explains.Technical consulting with new ideas and products for entrepreneurs was the first step, before she expanded into entrepreneurial start-ups. “I helped people to develop concepts and ideas, then start their businesses.”Drawing on her years of experience at SAB and her previous position as a flavourist and technical sales support at Givaudan, she specialised in the food, beverages and cosmetics industries. Today, Grimmer works with Unisa to help develop technology based businesses. Universities around the country are looking to collaborate with business, in a win-win for both parties, she explains.“I want to create the platform. I believe in being proudly African,” says Grimmer with a smile. Talking about Setsena, whose family is “very proud” of her, she says she is very happy with the award. But the work has not finished for these two enterprising women. Now they have to link the product with potential customers.“I look for the passion – the people who persevere, the entrepreneur who’s got the dream. Nothing stands in their way,” says Grimmer.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Even if you are planting RR Xtend soybeans, the answer to this could be: maybe nothing. A number of growers have told us that even though they are planting RR Xtend soybeans, they plan on “letting the dust” settle this first year and stay with their regular herbicide program. And then of course there are also some solid reasons to use dicamba in a preplant or postemergence treatment, depending upon what has been done in the field already and whether previous practices have been ineffective for control of certain herbicide-resistant weeds. A few other things to consider before we cover some of the dicamba use options:Be sure to know the dicamba labels and stewardship guidelines well. It might be worth assessing fields now to determine whether some just should not be treated with dicamba based on sensitive surroundings, and whether for others the wind direction the day of intended application will be a major consideration.While we use the term “dicamba” throughout this article for the sake of brevity, only three dicamba products are labeled for use in Xtend soybean herbicide programs — XtendiMax, FeXapan, and Engenia. Use of other dicamba products is not legal.For those planting both nonXtend and Xtend soybeans where dicamba use is planned, some type of system to ensure that dicamba is applied to the right fields might be in order.Check the websites for the dicamba products for approved mixtures and nozzles while in the planning stages, and be sure not to deviate from this list. We have these links in the Jan. 23 dicamba post on our blog — u.osu.edu/osuweeds.If relying on a custom applicator for dicamba applications, be aware that some are still declining to apply dicamba on soybeans this year, and other are charging higher fees for dicamba. This is good information to have now.There are several possible approaches to use of dicamba in Xtend soybeans. We tend to look at this with regard to three weeds, marestail, giant ragweed, and waterhemp (and common ragweed in areas), since current herbicide programs control everything else well usually, and these are our major herbicide-resistant weeds in the state. Our assumption is that where it is used, dicamba will be one component of the comprehensive two-pass approach of burndown and residual herbicides followed by postemergence herbicides that gets used on most of our soybeans. So our thoughts here are really along the lines of where dicamba can be plugged into this program to replace or supplement the other herbicides.Where current herbicide programs for RR soybeans are still effective for control of these more problematic weeds, there’s not necessarily a need for dicamba. One reason for use could be to reduce the selection pressure for resistance to certain herbicides due to their continuous use or overuse. An example of this is the reliance on site 14 herbicides (Valor and other flumioxazin herbicide, Flexstar and other fomesafen products, Cobra/Phoenix) in preemergence and postemergence applications for control of common ragweed that is resistant to glyphosate and ALS inhibitors. Continued use of this practice in soybeans is pushing the ragweed to become resistant to site 14 herbicides as well, and swapping in dicamba for fomesafen or Cobra in the postemergence treatment can mitigate this. The same thing can be said about waterhemp, based on the importance of POST-applied site 14 herbicides for control of glyphosate/ALS resistant populations, and the tendency for this weed to fairly rapidly develop resistance to anything used postemergence even as often as every other year.There can be issues of cost/effectiveness where dicamba is a better choice. For example, postemergence combinations of glyphosate + dicamba are likely to be more effective on glyphosate/ALS-resistant giant ragweed than combinations of glyphosate + fomesafen (Flexstar etc.) for about the same money. Dicamba can have a good fit in preplant burndown programs for control of marestail, to replace or supplement 2,4-D. The advantage to dicamba on marestail occurs primarily in fields not treated with herbicide last fall, since those are the fields where the variability in 2,4-D effectiveness has been observed for the most part. Dicamba will be more expensive than 2,4-D, but also more consistently effective in that specific situation.There are instances where dicamba will just be more effective than current herbicides, especially in weed populations for which herbicides have been so badly mismanaged for years that multiple resistance occurs and the population continues to increase. For growers who have multiple resistance already in ragweeds and waterhemp, the ability to use dicamba in postemergence applications may be the only good option left. The ability to use dicamba postemergence can certainly be helpful for marestail where the combination of preplant herbicides and suppression by soybeans fails to result in adequate control. Keep in mind when making seed choices that use of glufosinate in LibertyLink soybeans accomplishes most of what has been mentioned here also. And that failure to use any of these new technologies judiciously can result in selection for resistance to them as well and possibly reduce their utility fairly rapidly. Our assumption is that growers who have mismanaged current technology can just as easily mismanage and break any new tools as well. I would say “you know who you are” here but I would guess these growers are not avid CORN newsletter readers.Finally, using dicamba instead of 2,4-D in the preplant burndown treatment does away with having to wait seven days to plant soybeans, which certainly allows for more flexibility in the spraying/planting operation. Dicamba and glyphosate can be applied anytime before or after planting (and even after soybean emergence), but keep in mind the residual herbicides included in mixtures cannot. Almost all of the residual products have to be applied before soybean emergence. Any residual product that contains flumioxazin (Valor) should be applied within three days after planting per product labels. This restriction is in place to minimize the risk of injury to soybeans when application occurs too close to crop emergence. In our experience, risk of soybean injury with any product containing flumioxazoin or sulfentrazone (Authority) increases when applied at or after planting, compared with application a week or more prior to planting. Our suggestion for these products in the “Weed Control Guide for Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois” is that they be applied at least a week ahead of planting, even in dicamba systems where a wait between application and planting is not required.And a reminder also that weather can wreak havoc with the best plans. Planning to plant a lot of soybean acres first, with the assumption that the dicamba/glyphosate/residual mixture can be applied to all of these acres prior to soybean emergence (or within three days of planting where flumioxazin is used) can look good in theory. Insert a big rain somewhere in there and this can become more difficult to achieve. From a time and weather management perspective, the better approach would be to start applying dicamba/residual mixtures over the next several weeks as fields dry out, instead of trying to do it all at or after planting.And just a final note, while dicamba is more effective on marestail than 2,4-D is, waiting too long in spring to apply it can result in some problems controlling larger plants. In one 2016 OSU study, control of overwintered marestail plants, where stem elongation had started, was reduced when mixtures of dicamba and residual herbicides were applied in early May.
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