Soft Tissue Fossil Treasure Trove Found in China

first_imgLive Science announced a major new fossil find in China with some 20,000 fossils.  It was found in a 50-foot thick layer of limestoneThe fossils are exceptionally well-preserved, with more than half of them completely intact, including soft tissues.  Apparently they were protected across the ages by mats of microbes that rapidly sealed their bodies off from decay after death….    Ninety percent of the fossils are bug-like creatures, such as crustaceans, millipedes and horseshoe crabs.  Fish make up 4 percent, including the “living fossil” known as the coelacanth, which is still alive today nearly 250 million years later.  Snails, bivalves (creatures including clams and oysters), squid-like belemnoids, nautilus-like ammonoids and other mollusks make up about 2 percent of the fossils.Other major fossils found include marine reptiles and “dolphin-bodied ichthyosaurs” (see photo accompanying the article with amazing detail evident).  Reporter Charles Q. Choi did not elaborate on whether the “soft tissues” included original material or, more likely, impressions of anatomical parts in rock.  The site, named the Luoping Site, is in southwest China.Once again, a fossil graveyard is found, indicating rapid burial and exquisite preservation.  What they didn’t mention about coelacanth is that it is a classic living fossil that was thought to have gone extinct at the end of the Cretaceous (65 million years ago), only to be found in 1938 swimming comfortably off the coast of South Africa.  And that’s not the only case of so-called “Lazarus taxa,” rising from the dead.  Who can really believe that (1) coelacanths never left another fossil for 65 million years, and (2) the soft tissues in these fossils were never disturbed for 250 million years?    Evolutionists keep the fogma machines (05/14/2007) running to distract the real message of the bones.  They bring in imaginary dinosaur feathers, slowly migrating continents, mass extinctions and hundreds of millions of years.  If we had not been so brainwashed into accepting this weird stretched-out chronology founded by Sir Lyell Lot and his cronies, we would laugh at such notions.  Look past the Darwin promissory notes (06/26/2010, 02/24/2010) and reckless drafts on the bank of time (07/02/2007), and let the collateral earn its own interest.(Visited 16 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Still trying to figure out what to do with dicamba in Xtend soybeans this year?

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest Even if you are planting RR Xtend soybeans, the answer to this could be: maybe nothing. A number of growers have told us that even though they are planting RR Xtend soybeans, they plan on “letting the dust” settle this first year and stay with their regular herbicide program. And then of course there are also some solid reasons to use dicamba in a preplant or postemergence treatment, depending upon what has been done in the field already and whether previous practices have been ineffective for control of certain herbicide-resistant weeds. A few other things to consider before we cover some of the dicamba use options:Be sure to know the dicamba labels and stewardship guidelines well. It might be worth assessing fields now to determine whether some just should not be treated with dicamba based on sensitive surroundings, and whether for others the wind direction the day of intended application will be a major consideration.While we use the term “dicamba” throughout this article for the sake of brevity, only three dicamba products are labeled for use in Xtend soybean herbicide programs — XtendiMax, FeXapan, and Engenia. Use of other dicamba products is not legal.For those planting both nonXtend and Xtend soybeans where dicamba use is planned, some type of system to ensure that dicamba is applied to the right fields might be in order.Check the websites for the dicamba products for approved mixtures and nozzles while in the planning stages, and be sure not to deviate from this list. We have these links in the Jan. 23 dicamba post on our blog — u.osu.edu/osuweeds.If relying on a custom applicator for dicamba applications, be aware that some are still declining to apply dicamba on soybeans this year, and other are charging higher fees for dicamba. This is good information to have now.There are several possible approaches to use of dicamba in Xtend soybeans. We tend to look at this with regard to three weeds, marestail, giant ragweed, and waterhemp (and common ragweed in areas), since current herbicide programs control everything else well usually, and these are our major herbicide-resistant weeds in the state. Our assumption is that where it is used, dicamba will be one component of the comprehensive two-pass approach of burndown and residual herbicides followed by postemergence herbicides that gets used on most of our soybeans. So our thoughts here are really along the lines of where dicamba can be plugged into this program to replace or supplement the other herbicides.Where current herbicide programs for RR soybeans are still effective for control of these more problematic weeds, there’s not necessarily a need for dicamba. One reason for use could be to reduce the selection pressure for resistance to certain herbicides due to their continuous use or overuse. An example of this is the reliance on site 14 herbicides (Valor and other flumioxazin herbicide, Flexstar and other fomesafen products, Cobra/Phoenix) in preemergence and postemergence applications for control of common ragweed that is resistant to glyphosate and ALS inhibitors. Continued use of this practice in soybeans is pushing the ragweed to become resistant to site 14 herbicides as well, and swapping in dicamba for fomesafen or Cobra in the postemergence treatment can mitigate this. The same thing can be said about waterhemp, based on the importance of POST-applied site 14 herbicides for control of glyphosate/ALS resistant populations, and the tendency for this weed to fairly rapidly develop resistance to anything used postemergence even as often as every other year.There can be issues of cost/effectiveness where dicamba is a better choice. For example, postemergence combinations of glyphosate + dicamba are likely to be more effective on glyphosate/ALS-resistant giant ragweed than combinations of glyphosate + fomesafen (Flexstar etc.) for about the same money. Dicamba can have a good fit in preplant burndown programs for control of marestail, to replace or supplement 2,4-D. The advantage to dicamba on marestail occurs primarily in fields not treated with herbicide last fall, since those are the fields where the variability in 2,4-D effectiveness has been observed for the most part. Dicamba will be more expensive than 2,4-D, but also more consistently effective in that specific situation.There are instances where dicamba will just be more effective than current herbicides, especially in weed populations for which herbicides have been so badly mismanaged for years that multiple resistance occurs and the population continues to increase. For growers who have multiple resistance already in ragweeds and waterhemp, the ability to use dicamba in postemergence applications may be the only good option left. The ability to use dicamba postemergence can certainly be helpful for marestail where the combination of preplant herbicides and suppression by soybeans fails to result in adequate control. Keep in mind when making seed choices that use of glufosinate in LibertyLink soybeans accomplishes most of what has been mentioned here also. And that failure to use any of these new technologies judiciously can result in selection for resistance to them as well and possibly reduce their utility fairly rapidly. Our assumption is that growers who have mismanaged current technology can just as easily mismanage and break any new tools as well. I would say “you know who you are” here but I would guess these growers are not avid CORN newsletter readers.Finally, using dicamba instead of 2,4-D in the preplant burndown treatment does away with having to wait seven days to plant soybeans, which certainly allows for more flexibility in the spraying/planting operation. Dicamba and glyphosate can be applied anytime before or after planting (and even after soybean emergence), but keep in mind the residual herbicides included in mixtures cannot. Almost all of the residual products have to be applied before soybean emergence. Any residual product that contains flumioxazin (Valor) should be applied within three days after planting per product labels. This restriction is in place to minimize the risk of injury to soybeans when application occurs too close to crop emergence. In our experience, risk of soybean injury with any product containing flumioxazoin or sulfentrazone (Authority) increases when applied at or after planting, compared with application a week or more prior to planting. Our suggestion for these products in the “Weed Control Guide for Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois” is that they be applied at least a week ahead of planting, even in dicamba systems where a wait between application and planting is not required.And a reminder also that weather can wreak havoc with the best plans. Planning to plant a lot of soybean acres first, with the assumption that the dicamba/glyphosate/residual mixture can be applied to all of these acres prior to soybean emergence (or within three days of planting where flumioxazin is used) can look good in theory. Insert a big rain somewhere in there and this can become more difficult to achieve. From a time and weather management perspective, the better approach would be to start applying dicamba/residual mixtures over the next several weeks as fields dry out, instead of trying to do it all at or after planting.And just a final note, while dicamba is more effective on marestail than 2,4-D is, waiting too long in spring to apply it can result in some problems controlling larger plants. In one 2016 OSU study, control of overwintered marestail plants, where stem elongation had started, was reduced when mixtures of dicamba and residual herbicides were applied in early May.last_img read more

Agreement with China opens door for beef export expansion

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The White House announced last week that an agreement has been reached that will restore U.S. beef access to China.The Trump administration said that following one more round of technical consultations between the United States and China, China is to allow imports of U.S. beef on conditions consistent with international food safety and animal health standards and consistent with the 1999 Agricultural Cooperation Agreement, beginning as soon as possible but no later than July 16, 2017.“After being locked out of the world’s largest market for 13 years, we strongly welcome the announcement that an agreement has been made to restore U.S. beef exports to China. It’s impossible to overstate how beneficial this will be for America’s cattle producers, and the Trump Administration deserves a lot of credit for getting this achieved,” said Craig Uden, National Cattlemen’s Beef Association president. “We look forward to providing nearly 1.4 billion new customers in China with the same safe and delicious U.S. beef that we feed our families. I look forward to the day when we can serve President Trump and President Xi a dry-aged American-made New York strip in Beijing.”U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue hailed the agreement between the United States and China on several key trade issues, most notably the return of American beef to the Chinese market after a hiatus that began in 2004.“This is tremendous news for the American beef industry, the agriculture community, and the U.S. economy in general. We will once again have access to the enormous Chinese market, with a strong and growing middle class, which had been closed to our ranchers for a long, long time,” Perdue said. “I commend the persistence of President Trump, Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin, the U.S. Trade Representative’s officials, and our own USDA professionals. I also thank our Chinese counterparts, who worked so hard to get this agreement into place. When the Chinese people taste our high-quality U.S. beef, there’s no doubt in my mind that they’ll want more of it.”last_img read more

SAP Joins PowerPoint and Twitter – Does This Work?

first_imgalex williams Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of… Tags:#enterprise#Products Features for the More Advanced UserThe remaining new features are for more advanced users. For instance, to secure feeds internally, Elliott recommends adding a server and installing the open-source microblogging platform from Status.Net. That usually requires assistance from a company’s IT department.The Basic Stuff Is Pretty CoolThe more basic features make the SAP service worth checking out. For example, the service provides the ability for people to tweet their votes: IT + Project Management: A Love Affair As we approach 2010, a number of new efforts are underway to make documents more social. One consultant told us how recently a client tried to turn Sharepoint into a Twitter client. That’s a monster!But we have to give SAP credit for developing a more innovative way to add social elements to PowerPoint presentations.Last month, SAP launched a free PowerPoint Twitter tool. Yesterday they made a number of upgrades to the service, including:Auto-tweetingAn additional feedback slideAn option for secure internal useThe ability to pre-format slide with Twitter values. For instance, create templates for conferences.Aspects of the service may be a bit complex for many presenters. But if you keep to the basics, it can be a smart tool for engaging audiences. The download for the PowerPoint Twitter tool is free.Auto-Tweet Let’s say you are presenting a PowerPoint deck and you want to tweet what you are saying about the slides. With auto-tweet, you can tweet your slide notes from the PowerPoint presentation.Timo Elliott writes on the SAP Web 2.0 blog:“You can use the twitter feed to reinforce the points you are making in your presentation, or ask the audience questions related to your content, and include a feedback slide later in the presentation to review the audience replies.”Feedback SlidesThe new feedback slide shows twice as many tweets as the original version. According to Elliott, the feature supports pagination and custom feeds. For example, it can use a service like http://TidyTweet.com for a moderated feed, or any other atom-based feed. 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo… Overall, the SAP service does work. it adds an interactive element to presentations.“Death by PowerPoint?” Maybe not so much with Twitter part of the equation. Related Posts last_img read more

Use Impact to Build iOS Games with Just JavaScript

first_img7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… Tags:#hack#Tools Why You Love Online Quizzes Dominic Szablewski, the creator of the JavaScript game engine Impact has released a library for creating iOS apps using Impact that don’t rely on UIWebView to run. Unlike apps created with PhoneGap or Titanium, these apps run in pure JavaScript. Apple has already accepted Szablewski’s first two apps built using this approach.“They bypass the iPhone’s browser altogether and use Apple’s JavaScript interpreter (JavaScriptCore) directly. All graphics are rendered with OpenGL instead of in a browser window and all sound and music is played back with OpenAL instead of… well, having no sound at all,” he writes.You’ll need an Impact license to download it. There’s some basic documentation hereThere are some drawbacks. This is still entirely experimental and make not always work. Also:JavaScriptCore uses libicu to sort strings according to a unicode locale. Sadly, libicu is also private on iOS and bundling it is not an option because of its size. So I got rid of libicu completely. This means that only ASCII strings are now sorted correctly (e.g. the umlaut “Ä” will come after “Z”, not after “A” as it should). Other than that, the JavaScript library should behave exactly as the private one that comes with iOS.Also, the JavaScriptCore library bundled with iOSImpact does not use the JIT compiler (Nitro). You can’t allocate executable memory on the iPhone and if Apple doesn’t lift that restriction, there’s nothing I can do about it.All told, this is an interesting approach. klint finleycenter_img How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid Related Posts last_img read more

Prescott Passive House: A Tough Sell

first_imgIn many city neighborhoods, an attractive three-bedroom, two-bath house with 1,700 sq. ft. of living space and construction quality that brings it to Passive House standards would seem like a pretty swell deal if it listed for $190,000.But as Dan Rockhill, a professor at the University of Kansas School of Architecture and Urban Planning, recently pointed out to USA Today Green House columnist Wendy Koch, in Kansas City, Kansas, code-built new homes of comparable size sell in the $140,000 range. The price disparity and current economic conditions, Rockhill says, have deflected buyer interest from the recently completed Prescott Passive House, the fifteenth project undertaken by the school’s Studio 804 design-build program. It is, in fact, the 1,700-sq.-ft., house described above – the beneficiary of much free student labor and corporate generosity, and the first residence in the state designed and built to qualify for Passive House certification. But its energy efficiency performance and durable construction don’t seem potent enough to attract a buyer will to pay its $190,000 price.The situation is especially troubling, Rockhill says, because of its implications for Studio 804, whose projects have sold readily in the past but must continue to do so to perpetuate the program. Studio 804, which gets no university funding, now has $25 in its checking account and is “essentially bankrupt,” he told USA Today.Reader back and forthBoth Koch and Treehugger columnist Lloyd Alter, an associate professor of sustainable design at Ryerson University in Toronto, acknowledge that, in many markets at least, buyers still are far less likely to pay more for energy efficiency than they are for amenities they can see and touch the instant they walk into the house, such as high-end countertops and other finishes.Some Treehugger readers who say they’re familiar with Studio 804 and/or have visited Prescott Passive House commented that imperfections in its finish work and its inner-city neighborhood may make it difficult to sell to prospective buyers shopping in the $200,000 price range.But in a recent Treehugger post, Alter takes time to refute comments by Green House readers who complain generally that the design, materials, appliances, and construction techniques that go into high-performance homes don’t justify the up-charges.“The fact is,” Alter writes, “you can’t build R-50 walls for the same price as R-20. You can’t put in a Passivhaus-sized heat recovery ventilator for the price of a bathroom exhaust fan. You can’t get rid of vinyl siding and windows and formaldehyde and asphalt shingles without paying more. And even if you could do all of this, you can’t build a single house to these standards, compared to the American house production line, in a field where it is slapped together by itinerant workers getting paid half of what they did two years ago because the construction industry has collapsed.”last_img read more

What’s the R-value of Cedar Shingle Siding?

first_img Start Free Trial Already a member? Log in This article is only available to GBA Prime Members Sign up for a free trial and get instant access to this article as well as GBA’s complete library of premium articles and construction details.center_img White cedar has an R-value of about R-1.4 per inch, so it isn’t too hard to calculate the R-value of white cedar siding. The trickiest part of the calculation is determining the siding thickness.If we’re talking about cedar shingles, there are usually a maximum of three layers of shingles at any one point in the wall. The shingles are tapered, so the total thickness of the siding includes layers with different thicknesses. (The butt of the shingle may measure 3/8 inch; the top of the shingle may measure 1/16 inch; and the middle of the shingle may measure 3/16 inch).Let’s be generous, and assume that the three layers add up to a total thickness of 3/4 inch. We calculate the R-value of the cedar this way:(0.75 inch * 1.4) = R-1.05Next, we’ll add a value (R-0.17) for the exterior air film:R-1.05 + R-0.17 = R-1.22What if the singles are thicker? Let’s do the math for 5/8-inch-thick shingles. We’ll be generous (again) and assume that the three layers add up to a total thickness of 1.25 inch. So the R-value of the cedar is:(1.25 inch * 1.4) = R-1.75Adding the R-value of the exterior air film, we end up with:(R-1.75 + R-0.17) = R-1.82So, if you’re using 3/8-inch shingles, the installed siding will have an R-value of (at most) about R-1.3. If you are using thicker 5/8-inch shingles, the installed siding will have an R-value of (at most) about R-1.9.If any readers think that the R-value of cedar shingles might be higher, it’s worth consulting standard R-value tables for a reality check. Most such R-value tables ascribe an R-value of R-0.87 for wood shingle siding.If you were a shingle manufacturer, you might want to fudge these figures a little and exaggerate the R-value of the shingles. If the… last_img read more

OSU’s Offensive Line Poor Overall But Slowly Getting Better

first_imgWhile Oklahoma State’s offensive line has steadily progressed on the run-blocking front, there is still a lot of room to grow in one of the most important facets of the game.There’s no doubt that the most important player to the Cowboys’ success is Mason Rudolph. The record-setting junior has almost single-handedly turned this program around. He is 20-5 as a starter, but he’s been sacked at least once in every game this year. Taking care of him should be priority number one.Unfortunately, the Cowboys are currently 105th in the nation in sacks allowed, having given up 27 through ten games. That 2.7 per game is a step back from last season’s average of 2.46 and just marginally better than 2014’s abysmal 3.08.Let’s take a look at the Cowboys’ allowed sacks by year.allowedsacksFor six years the Cowboys ranked in the top three in the conference and top 15 in the country at protecting their QB. Since then the numbers are drastically worse.That should be no surprise to any of us. We’ve belabored that point over the last three years.What should surprise us is that the Cowboys aren’t making any marked improvement on this front. In fact, as mentioned above, the Cowboys are on pace to take a step backwards this year. Given how good the run game has been, this is somewhat surprising.I will say, the last few games have been better. OSU only allowed four sacks total against WVU, KSU and Tech in the last three outings. That’s a marked improvement from the first seven. It’s no mistake that two of the best yards-per-play outings of the Gundy era have come in the last two games.#okstate has averaged 9+ yards per play in just nine games in the Gundy era. Two have come in the last two weeks. pic.twitter.com/9x1JpzvJFL— Pistols Firing (@pistolsguys) November 14, 2016Sack numbers aren’t just about protecting your quarterback. They are about protecting drives. Possessions are like gold to a coaching staff. If you break down a football game by the numbers, there are a finite number of opportunities to score. Each time your quarterback is sacked you lose a down and put your drive “behind the chains” so to speak.You can gain or lose an edge with turnovers and big plays. But while that’s worked out for the Cowboys at times, those can’t be depended on. Doing so is playing with fire. See Texas Tech. That’s why I don’t get too bent out of shape when Mike Gundy plays a bit conservatively. He knows that for every Rudolph-to-Washington 82-yard connection there is the possibility for a pick-six or a some other horrifying event.The Cowboys end the season with two tough road games. They figure to be underdogs in both. Can their O-line take care of business, protect Rudolph better and give Mike Gundy a fighting chance against TCU and OU to win the Big 12? We’ll see. While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.last_img read more

Rudolph Shoulders Blame For Bedlam Misery

first_imgWhile you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up. Mason Rudolph’s poor performance on Saturday was not the only reason Oklahoma State lost in Bedlam, but it was a big one. Rudolph was 11/25 for 186 yards and no TDs. He missed receivers all over the field. Rudolph did run the ball quite well, which was a bright spot, but all in all it was probably the worst performance we have seen from No. 2 since the Texas game last year.Here is Pro Football Focus on his grade.Rudolph seemed to have problems all game with trying to get a grip on the football, as it seemed to be slipping out of his hands every time he threw … [he] was 0-of-7 on passes between 10 and 20 yards. Rudolph found himself under pressure on 8 dropbacks (out of 29) and failed to complete any of his five attempts, while also taking two sacks. While this was a tough game for Rudolph, it shouldn’t take away from the phenomenal season he had in which he graded out at 89.5 overall, among the best college quarterbacks in the country. [PFF]I would blame the rain or the conditions but … well, did you watch Baker Mayfield? No, this one is on Rudolph. For all the adulation he (rightfully) received for winning the 2014 game, he has to take the blame for this one (and he did).“Just a rough day,” said Rudolph after Bedlam. “Honestly, I’ll take all the responsibility for the lack of production, especially in the second half. Obviously, it needed to be better. [My performance was] not great at times. I think I try to do a good job managing the ball in the first half and taking care of the ball and pulling the ball when we needed to but I think our guys up front played well all game and I’ve just got to be more productive … I think we had a great game plan. I think it was just a question of execution on my part and we’ve just got to be better.”As for whether the weather affected him, Rudolph didn’t make excuses.“We kind of practiced a little bit all week in preparation for it, but there are certain times when you’re going tempo and the ball is a little more wet at the beginning of the drive than it is when you’re not going tempo,” said Rudolph. “But once again, no excuses. We’ve just got to be consistent.”Again, no bigger fan of No. 2 than me. He will be fine. He is 21-6 as a starter and just lead OSU to back-to-back 10-win* seasons. To go Gundy on you … in the society we live in, there is maybe no bigger issue than the one that befalls individuals who cannot hold two truths in their minds at the same time. Rudolph can both have been awful in Bedlam (he was) and still be a great college quarterback (he is).The road issues are a real thing, and we will dive into them more as the season winds down. And I suppose the silver lining here is that there is a sub-zero chance Rudolph will declare for the NFL Draft now so we get another year of him with all those weapons. And one more shot at winning Bedlam.last_img read more

Here is What OSU Players Will Receive as Bowl Gifts

first_imgBowl season is fun. The players get to spend that much more time with their teammates and coaches. They get to travel with their team and some get to play in front of friends and family that may not be able to make it to Stillwater.But among the more underrated perks of a bowl trip for the players are the bowl gifts that each bowl’s officials give out. The SportsBusiness Journal has released a list for each of the 2016-17 bowl season’s games with what each player will receive.Oklahoma State and Colorado players will each received a gift set that includes: Apple Watch Nike+ (retails for around $399), $110 Best Buy gift card, myCharge HubPlus portable charger, team panoramic photo, and a mini-helmet.There is an NCAA limit of $550.00 value per person. *Of course there is.*Check out the full list to see what each bowl game’s officials give out. While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up.last_img read more